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Erich M. Von Hornbostel

Erich Moritz von Hornbostel

Группа в интернете: http://www.recordingpioneers.com/RP_HORNBOSTEL1.html, http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/people/data?id=per634

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Erich M. von Hornbostel (February 25, 1877, Vienna, Austria - November 28, 1935, Cambridge, UK) was an Austrian ethnomusicologist and a pioneer of sound recording. Hornbostel studied the piano, harmony and counterpoint as a child later physics and philosophy in Vienna and Heidelberg, but his PhD at the University of Vienna was in chemistry. He moved to Berlin, where he fell under the influence of Carl Stumpf and worked with him on musical psychology and psychoacoustics. He was Stumpf's assistant at "Berliner Psychologischen Institut" (Berlin Psychological Institute), and when the archives of the Institute were used as the basis for the Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv, he became its first director in 1905. Hornbostel did much work in the field of ethnomusicology, then usually referred to as "comparative musicology". A highly regarded teacher, his students included American composer [a=Henry Cowell]. Hornbostel specialized in African and Asian music, making many recordings and developing a system that facilitated the transcription of non-Western music from recordings to paper. He saw the musical tunings used by various cultural groups as an essential element in determining the character of their music, and did much work in comparing different tunings.

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